BRIEF 1 – ENAG JANUARY 2020

Enag

, OUR MONTHLY BRIEFS

This is our view on
25th January Revolution anniversary and popular mobilization
In a statement issued earlier in January, the ENAG has expressed its support and “appreciation for all calls for popular
mobilization and protests through the glorious days of the anniversary of the Revolution (from January 25th to
February 11th) in various peaceful forms”. The ENAG has denounced the methods of the despotic regime which has
claimed to be seeking stability by “closing squares, blocking roads, arresting activists or mobizing paid fake demonstrators”
but actually “increases the congestion and the rage among the Egyptian society”.
The ENAG reminds the rights of Egyptians to peaceful demonstrations and hopes that the international community
will help support the uncompromised protection of these rights.
Libya
In a statement issued on January 2nd, the ENAG condemned the Egyptian regime’s interference in Libya’s conflict and its
support for a “rogue putschist group” along with the interventions of other countries including France, Russia and the UAE.
We regard the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) as the sole legitimate government and call for the
end of double language by third parties.
The ENAG denounces the use of Egyptian troops as mercenaries in a conflict that poses a grave danger on our Western
border. We address our condolences to the families of our Libyan brothers and sisters victims of this proxy war.
The Renaissance Dam
By signing the 2015 Declaration of Principles, the Egyptian regime legitimised Ethiopia’s building of the Renaissance Dam
and waived Egypt’s vital rights on the Nile waters. The ENAG considers this neglectful act as betrayal.
Given the regime’s record at abandoning the nation’s prime interests to foreign funders or to their own self-preserving
benefits, wasting national resources and using deliberate violence against its own people, the ENAG does not expect this
regime to be able to provide a sustainable solution to the water poverty it has abandoned Egyptians to. The only way out
to save what remains of Egypt’s land, potentials and resources is the removal of Sisi regime.
In brief
Inhumanity – 60,000 political prisoners condemned to slow death
American Egyptian dual citizen Moustafa Kassem who died on January 13th is the last known victim of the barbaric
treatment served by Sisi’s regime to its +60,000 political prisoners. A few days before, Mahmoud Saleh, a 47 year old
journalist died in “Scorpion” prison despite the calls for help by other inmates. This sparked the beginning of an on-going
mass hunger strike with more than 300 political prisoners participating. Based on our sources, dozens have fallen
into a coma but have received no medical assistance so far.
The situation is not any better for female political prisoners with the death of 32 year old Mariam Salem on December
21st. She died of hepatic fibrosis as she was refused adequate health care. She was a mother of four and gave birth to
the youngest in prison. In Al-Qanater prison, ten female political prisoners including Esraa Abdel Fattah, Radwa
Mohamed and Aisha al-Shater have been on hunger strike to protest against ill-treatment and medical negligence.
Moustafa Kassem, survivor of the Abu Zabal Transfer Vehicle massacre
In the hours following Moustafa Kassem’s death, it has been revealed to the ENAG that Moustafa Kassem was the 8th
survivor of the August 2013 Abu Zabal Transfer Vehicle Massacre. This might explained why Moustafa Kassem was never
released despite ceding his Egyptian nationality which granted Sisi the authority to deport him to the US. The ENAG
believes that the regime wanted to prevent him from testifying to the Western media about the massacre.
On August 18th 2013, 45 prisoners were held in a transfer vehicle that was left for hours under the sun. Soon, the
temperature inside became unbearable and many were already losing consciousness when the military threw a tear gas
bomb inside. When they opened the vehicle, 37 were dead and 8 had survived. However, the number of prisoners
officially released after taking their testimony on the massacre was 7. Until this week, the identity of the 8th survivor was
unknown and not recorded.
According to our sources, only a very small number of inmates knew but the information was kept secret as Moustafa
Kassem had received death threats if he spoke out.
Consensus document
In December 2019, a Consensus Document has been finalised thanks to the contribution of most opposition
movements of Egypt. The document conveys a united vision of the governing principles of the post-Sisi future
Egyptian democracy. Mohamed Ali, former army contractor whose revelations on the regime’s corruption sparked the
protests in September, praised a “historic document” that calls first and foremost to the removal of Sisi’s regime.
A consensual comprehensive national project is now being designed to plan for immediate rescue measures to prevent
the State’s failure and to reorganise the State’s institutions safeguarding the nation from potential military coup attempt.
Regime thugs attack human rights defender again
Gamal Eid, director of the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information was attacked on December 29th by Egypt
security forces in the streets of Cairo. He was beaten up and covered in paint.
Lt General Sami Anan released: analysis
After nearly two years in detention, former chief-of-staff of the Egyptian armed forces Lt General Sami Anan was released
on December 22nd 2019. He tried to run against Sisi during the 2018 presidential elections but was arrested a few weeks
before polling day as he had not gotten “the prior approval from the armed forces”.
This is seen as Sisi’s last strategic move after September’s protests to appease factions of the military institution which
had contested his unbalanced approach to power sharing. Find researcher Mahmoud Gamal’s analysis for the Egyptian
Institute for Studies here.
Watch for
EU-Egypt Partnership priorities
In 2020, the European Commission will prepare for the next four years of cooperation with Egypt and negotiate the 2021-
2024 EU-Egypt Partnership Priorities – a policy document that should orient all EU-Egypt cooperation, including
development funding. At stake, making human rights, governance and the rule of law actual pre-conditions to further
cooperation.
French Arms Export under scrutiny
In November 2019, French National Assembly Information Mission on arms export organised closed hearings with a
series of stakeholders, from industrials to NGOs. According to our information, their report should be finalised by the end
of February. At stake, the lack of transparency and accountability on French arms export.
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